Dark circles under the eyes are sure not a good feature to flaunt. They can lower your confidence and can even make you appear older than you actually are. And worse, they’re not that easy to get rid of. 

We’ve gathered some answers to help you understand why dark circles occur and how you can clear them out. 

The Causes of Dark Circles Under the Eyes, with Solution

Anyone can get dark circles, but they are most prevalent in the elderly, people with a genetically prone to this condition, and those from non-white ethnic groups (specifically people who have darker skin tones). 

The causes of dark circles revolve around heredity as well as other factors, including the environment, sun exposure, allergies, and ageing. And of all these variables, fatigue is a factor that contributes the most for dark circles. 

Fatigue

Extreme fatigue and staying up a few hours past your regular bedtime can result in dark circles under your eyes. The lack of sleep causes your skin to become pale and dull, which then causes blood vessels and dark tissues beneath your skin to show. 

When you’re sleep-deprived, your eyes appear puffy, and that’s because of the fluid build-up underneath your eyes. So the dark circles under your eyes may be shadows cast from your puffy eyelids. 

And if you think fatigue is just about not getting enough sleep, you’re wrong. Oversleeping can cause fatigue, too. 

If you’re sleeping more than nine hours on a regular basis yet still feeling tired, that’s an indication that you’re fatigued. 

Solution

Below are a few tips to get better sleep and fight fatigue. 

  1. Change your lifestyle habits

Your lifestyle plays an important role not just to the quality of your sleep but to your physical health in general. Maybe it’s the habit of drinking coffee too close to bedtime that keeps you awake at night when you should be sleeping. 

Or maybe it’s the alcohol you drink that makes you sleepy, but actually makes the quality of your sleep worse. 

Instead of drinking booze or a cup of joe, drink tea or milk instead. Exercise can also help give you a goodnight’s sleep. But of course, it’s not best to workout before heading to bed. It can only disrupt your sleep. 

  1. Turn off your devices

Phone and computer screens emit blue light. This light can mess up the natural circadian rhythm of your body and, therefore, mess up your sleep schedule. So the solution is to put your devices down at least two to three hours before bed. 

  1. Create a sleep schedule

This trick may not be as simple as it sounds. You need to sleep and wake up at the same time every day. By doing this, you help your body set its natural clock. As your body gets used to it, you’ll find your self able to sleep more easily. 

  1. Create a cosy sleep environment

Having a comfortable sleep environment can help improve your sleep and fight fatigue. It helps to set your bedroom dark by using dark curtains. Earplugs can also help disregard distractions. 

  1. Make a sleep diary

If you’ve been having a problem with your sleep, we suggest writing them down. Describe your habits and routine. These notes can help your doctor determine the root cause of your sleeping problem. 

Dehydration

When your body does not receive a sufficient amount of fluids, the skin under your eyes will begin to look pale and dull, then your eyes will appear sunken. The explanation behind this is that the skin gets too close to the underlying bone. 

Remember, even the simplest tasks use water in our body. Just because you’re seated on your office the entire day and did not sweat don’t mean you won’t get dehydrated. 

Here are some signs that you’re dehydrated:

  • Lack of sweat production
  • Sunken eyes
  • Rapid breathing
  • Fast heart rate
  • Low blood pressure
  • Dark urine
  • Excessive thirst
  • Shrivelled skin

Solution

Increase your water intake, especially if you’re ill. And if you’re going to engage in workouts or sports, make sure to drink water prior to the activity. Replace the lost fluids in your intervals. 

Even if you are not active, you still need to drink the recommended amount of fluids — more than eight 8-oz glasses of water a day. 

Sun Exposure

People who are in prolonged exposure to sun are more prone to get dark circles under the eyes. Overexposure to the sun can cause the body to produce excessive amounts of melanin — the skin’s colour pigment. 

Too much sun exposure can cause pigmentation under your eyes, which results in darker skin. 

Solution

Give your eyes the protection in needs under long sun exposure. Wear sunglasses that can block 100% of UV rays. It also helps to use facial creams and other makeup products with SPF. 

Other At-home Treatments

  • You can improve the appearance of your eyes by applying cold tea bags. Tea has antioxidants and caffeine which can help shrink your blood vessels, stimulate blood circulation, and reduce liquid retention underneath the surrounding skin. Simply soak two green tea bags in hot water for five to six minutes. Then let them chill in the fridge for 20 minutes before applying them to your closed eyes for 15 minutes. Rinse your eyes with cool water when done. 
  • Make sure your head is elevated when sleeping. You can do that by adding a few pillows. This helps prevent fluid from building up under your eyes and make them look puffy. 

Final Thoughts

Dark circles under your eyes can make you frown. And they’re definitely not a good sight. You can prevent them from showing up by improving your lifestyle, sleeping habits, drinking more fluids, and using skin products with added sun protection.